In 2016, New York City rolled out a small pilot project intended to address a problem that many in the city had long ignored or taken for granted: While New York’s public school population is one of the most diverse in the country, it is also one of the most starkly segregated by race and class.

The pilot—called the Diversity in Admissions initiative—grew quickly. A new report, released by the Center for New York City Affairs (CNYCA), assesses the promises and limitations of the Diversity in Admissions initiative, as well as its outcomes so far. The report, “Promising Outcomes, Limited Potential: Diversity in Admissions in New York City Public Schools,” is co-authored by Milano PhD student Nicole Mader, CNCYA editor Abigail Kramer, and Public and Urban Policy MS student Angela Butel.

As Mayor Bill de Blasio and the Department of Education (DOE) proceed with their plans for school diversity, this report offers a close-up look at what the Diversity in Admissions strategy can—and cannot—accomplish.