Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Final Report
Faculty Supervisor: Rafat Mahdi

More specifically, how the private sector could partner with BCPR in recovery and employment generation.

In the context of its continuing efforts to accelerate economic recovery in crisis and post crisis settings, UNDP seeks to explore options for private sector collaboration and engagement aimed at leveraging the programmatic impact of its post-crisis economic recovery efforts.  In the wake of a disaster or conflict, it is crucial to restart economic activity and provide the means for people to rebuild their own livelihoods.   A quick start to this process is an important part of what the UN calls “early recovery;” it lets passive recipients of humanitarian aid regain their places as active producers and members of a developing community.  But economic growth following a conflict or disaster rarely generates the number of jobs required and, as a result, the living standards of many ordinary people remain at or below pre-conflict or disaster levels.  The consequences of this failure are particularly dire in post-conflict situations because people start to lose confidence in the legitimacy of the peace process, which increases the likelihood of a relapse into conflict.  UNDP delivers many programs in the aftermath of a crisis that can help jump-start the economy, including cash-for-work programs, targeted livelihood support, youth employment strategies, and rehabilitation programs for ex-combatants, among others.  While the disaster recovery and conflict prevention outcomes and the short-term economic impact of these efforts are often acceptable during the project’s lifetime, BCPR must improve the economic impact and sustainability of these outcomes in the long term.  Further, no matter how successful it is, no donor or development programme can provide sufficient growth, training, and jobs to substitute for the possibilities created by an active private sector.  The private sector is the engine of sustainable economic growth and employment generation.  Therefore, UNDP wishes to understand (1) where it can partner with the private sector to improve the effectiveness of its existing programming and leverage private sector growth to stimulate a deeper and longer-lasting economic recovery; and (2) how UNDP must change its business practices to make these partnerships work.